The 19th Century World
The 19th century brought along many changes for the world. There were several empires that had collapsed, allowing for other countries to take over, take back, or discover new lands. Slavery had ended in England, Brazil, and the United States. Advances in both medicine and technology helped shape the future of many countries. These technological advances led to the Industrial Era, which caused the urbanization of many cities. Urbanization is best defined as the advances in technology causing people to immigrate to a specific city, thus causing the population to boom. Another result of advancing technologies is that people were now able to travel farther and discover previously uninhabited or undiscovered geographical locations.