Early Mesopotamia: The Babylonians

Mesopotamia was located between the Tigris and Euphrates Rivers, now known as the Middle East. One civilization that established its domain in this area was the Babylonian civilization. Around 1750 B.C. The Babylonians defeated the Sumerians and set up their capital city, Babylon, on the Euphrates River. Under the rule of Hammurabi, the Babylonian Empire extended throughout all of Mesopotamia. Hammurabi established the 282 laws known as the Hammurabi Code, which the Babylonians followed. The Babylonians used drains, canals, and dikes to irrigate their farmlands. Due to the superfluous amount of clay in the area, Babylonian homes and temples were primarily mud-brick. Famous among their buildings were the ziggurats, which are long, pyramid-like buildings that were used for temples. The Babylonian people spoke Akkadian, but read and wrote in Sumerian. They had libraries in most towns, and both men and women learned to write. These writings covered topics such as math, astronomy, and medicine.


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Last updated: 01/08/2018
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