Who Won the French and Indian War?

The French and Indian War was the final war between England and France. There had been several wars between the two countries leading up to this fight. These wars were the following: King William’s War, 1689-1697; The War of Spanish Succession, 1702-1713; as well as The War of Austrian Succession, 1740-1748. The French and Indian War was fought during the years of 1754-1763, with the bulk of the fighting taking place between 1756 and 1763 (which is why it is also known as the Seven Years War). It was primarily fought in North America, and resulted in France losing its colonial power. The costs associated with this war caused discontent among the American colonists, and is one of the factors that led to the American Revolution.


French and Indian War
502183


French and Indian War


There are many events that led up to the French and Indian War. The Spanish Armada, which was their fleet of ships, was defeated by England in 1588. This led to a decline in Spanish power in Europe. You had Spain, France, and England, who all were very powerful in Europe. After the Spanish Armada was defeated by England, the Spanish power started to decline. Then, France and England became the most powerful nations in Europe.


This led them to fight several wars between 1689 in 1748. This is especially important, because they were powerful nations in Europe that were colonizing. They were both big into colonizing in North America. Spain had been as well, but after it was conquered, they lost all their colonial territories as well. The wars that France and England fought were King William’s War, or the Nine Years War, which was fought between 1689 and 1697.


Next, you had the War of Spanish Succession, or Queen Anne’s war from 1702 to 1713. Then, you had the War of Austrian Succession, or King George’s war, from 1740 to 1748. These were all about France and England trying to claim territory in North America that had previously belonged to Spain.


The fourth and final war was the French and Indian War, which was fought from 1754 to 1763. This was fought primarily in North America, since that was the area they were fighting for. They were fighting for the colonial territory in North America that had previously been held by Spain. This war was also called the Seven Years War. I know if you do the math it adds up to nine years over here, but the most of the fighting happened from 1756 to 1763, which was where they get the seven years from.


At times, all four of these wars are considered the French and Indian wars. The reason they’re called that is because the French and Indians were two of the main groups that England was fighting against. They called it the French and Indian War because they’re fighting the French and Indians, the Native Americans that lived in North America. However, England also had Native Americans that fought on their side.


It wasn’t a very aptly named war, because they were fighting Indians, but they also had Indians, Native Americans, on their side fighting against the French. The Indians kind of split and some sided with the French and some sided with the English. It didn’t really make the most sense, but that is still what it’s called.


It is still referred to as the Seven Years’ War by other people who didn’t like the name French and Indian War and thought that Seven Years War was more appropriate since the Indians weren’t solely an enemy to the English. They also helped them depending on which tribes we were talking about. The French and Indian War, the final war in this series of four wars, resulted in the end of France’s reign as a colonial power.


That is why it is so important, because after the Seven Years’ War, France was defeated and England was able to claim all of the colonies in North America as English colonies or British colonies. France was kicked out as a colonial power, still important in Europe, but not as important as it was, because it doesn’t have the colonial power that it had. It didn’t have those colonies in North America anymore.


Now they are all going to be called British colonies. The costs incurred during this war led to discontent among the colonists, which helped spark the American Revolution. Colonists helped fight. If they were colonists of the French, they helped. If they were colonists of the English, they helped the English. These colonists were having to help, but they were also having to help feed British and French troops.


They were having to help supply all of their time. Instead of being able to work on making goods or planting crops, they were having to help fight. They were having to give up their weapons, their ammunition, anything they had was basically going to this war effort. At the end of it, they had incurred a lot of costs. They were very unhappy about this. As Britain, or England, continued to tax them and charge them for things after they’d just spent all this money on a war, this helped spark the American Revolution.



Provided by: Mometrix Test Preparation

Last updated: 08/10/2018

 

Mometrix Test Preparation - Chasing your dreams requires the right tools. Find your test
Share

 

Mometrix eLibrary