Age of Enlightenment
Between the years 1600 and 1770, political and social philosophy in Europe underwent a tremendous change, known collectively as the Enlightenment. Just as Northern Italy had been the center of the Renaissance, so now Paris was the hub of progressive thought. The collection of philosophes, who sought to bring every subject under the authority of reason, included both deists (those who believed in God) and atheists (those who did not). The study known as political science first emerged during this period. Intellectuals began to question the divine right that had been claimed by absolute monarchs in the past; they sought to determine which was the best form of government for all the citizens of the country.
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Last updated: 12/29/2017
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