The Roman Republic: Part One | World History Review
Rome has existed as a distinct civilization from 753 B.C. until its demise in A.D. 476. Within that timespan, the Roman Republic was in existence from 509 B.C. with the abolition of the monarchy, until the rise of the first emperor in 27 B.C. Rome was built along the Tiber river on the Italian Peninsula. Rome was a highly stratified society with patricians at the top of the social hierarchy. These were people descended from the founding families and also very wealthy. All other men who were free, but not part of the patrician class, were known as plebeians. At the bottom of the social hierarchy were the slaves. The Republic was lead by 2 consuls who were chosen annually. The 2 consuls presided over the Senate and the Assembly. The Senate was made up of previously-elected patricians and the assembly was made up of plebeians. Rome had extensive laws regarding individual and property rights. It was Rome’s goal to expand its territory. This brought Rome into conflict with Carthage. Three wars (known as the Punic wars) were fought, which ended with the destruction of Carthage. Rome acquired Sicily in the first war and destroyed the city of Carthage in the third war. After the destruction of Carthage, Rome was able to spread rapidly through conquest. In time, they controlled all the areas around the Mediterranean sea. Rome allowed the people they conquered to maintain their own cultures as long as they paid tribute to Rome. In order to administrate their growing republic, they developed an extensive infrastructure that included their famous and very durable roads as well as aqueducts to transport water.
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Last updated: 04/06/2018
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