What is Islam?
Islam is a religion that was founded in 610 A.D. by Muhammad. Those who follow the path of Islam are known as Muslims. The Islamic holy text is known as the Koran, which can also be spelled Quran and Qur’an. The Muslim people follow the teachings of the Koran, recognizing it as a holy text sent by their god, Allah. Islam is based on the “Five Pillars”, which are as follows: Have faith in Allah; Take a pilgrimage to the city of Mecca; Engage in the month-long fast that happens yearly during Ramadan; Give alms; as well as Pray five times a day. One teaching of Muhammad was to spread Islam throughout the world. While Christianity was spreading throughout Europe, Islam was spreading to North Africa, the Middle East, as well as parts of Asia and Spain. Due to both religions spreading, conflicts would happen between the two, especially during the Crusades.
Islam is a religion founded by Muhammad in 610. Islam is based on the Koran. The Koran is a book of scripture according to the Muslim god Allah. Islam is also based on the five pillars. These five pillars are laid out in the Koran. There are five things that every Muslim must do throughout their life. One is faith in Allah. They must have faith in their god. Another is a pilgrimage to the city of Mecca.
This is a holy city for Muslims. Even Muslims that are living in America today are expected to make a pilgrimage to the city of Mecca as one of the five pillars of Islam. A yearly fast during the month of Ramadan. The month of Ramadan is the ninth month in the Islamic calendar. Adults that are healthy are expected to fast from dawn until sunset. Any time that the sun is out, they’re not supposed to eat or drink.
Now, if someone is sick, or elderly, or pregnant, then they are exempt from fasting. They are supposed to make up the days later if it is a situation like if they’re traveling. That’s another exemption, but they should make up the days after they’re done traveling. They are allowed to eat and drink before sunrise and after sunset. It’s not that they aren’t eating or drinking for an entire month.
It’s just that during daytime hours, from dawn to sunset, they are fasting. They’re supposed to use the time of fasting to reflect, to pray more, to empathize with people who don’t have this much, and possibly do some generous works. Another of the five pillars is the giving of alms. Donations to others who are needier than themselves. The last pillar is prayer five times a day.
Some people may pray more than that, but they’re supposed to pray at least five times a day in the Islamic religion. Those are the basics of Islam. It was founded by Muhammad in 610, who was a prophet, and based on the Koran, a book of scripture that is supposed to be the direct words from their god, Allah. Their religion is based on five pillars found in the Koran that include having faith in Allah, a pilgrimage to Mecca, a fast during Ramadan, the giving of alms, and praying five times a day.
Muhammad said that Islam should be spread all around the world. This is something that was also in the Christian religion. Christianity should be spread all over the world. You can imagine that two religions both focused on one true God might not get along too well and there may be some tension, because each religion, each group of followers that are practicing their religion, are going to feel that their god is the one true God and aren’t going to look fondly upon anyone saying something different.
As the Christian church was becoming dominant in Europe, Islam spread throughout North Africa, the Middle East, to parts of Asia and even to parts of Spain. Christianity had spread throughout Europe, because it developed in an area closer to Europe. Islam spread to North Africa, the Middle East, and parts of Asia and Spain, because that was where Islam was closer.
Those two areas are still very close to each other, so there was some tension. The simultaneous development of the two religions led to large-scale conflict, most notably during the Crusades. Islam started out in 610. It spent a while developing and spreading around the world. It took three or four centuries, but then they developed what will become known as the Islamic empire.