The Law School Admission Test, or LSAT, is a half-day, standardized test that is required to enter into law school. Test-takers should expect to spend up to seven hours to complete the LSAT exam.
The LSAT exam consists of five sections of multiple-choice questions and each section must be completed within 35 minutes. The sections on the LSAT exam consists of:
- Reading Comprehension
- Analytical Reasoning
- Logical Reasoning
- Writing Section
- Variable Section
If you are preparing to take the LSAT exam to enter into law school, Mometrix’s free LSAT Questions is a great way to get a head start on learning what to expect on the LSAT exam. Our LSAT practice questions are similar in concept and difficulty to the actual LSAT exam, so be sure to take advantage of our free LSAT Analytical Reasoning Prep!
The Analytical Reasoning section of the LSAT exam assesses your ability to consider a group of rules and facts. Given those rules and facts, you must determine what could be true. The Analytical Reasoning section of the LSAT reflects problems that must be solved with problem-solving.
In the Analytical Reasoning section of the LSAT exam, you will be presented a question with a set of conditions. You will be required to choose the response that most accurately and completely answers the question.
Within one department at the Royal Music Conservatory, there are eight students – Caroline, Philip, Li, Margo, Paulo, Daniel, Ghislaine, and Jackie. These eight students must arrange their practice schedules in five practice rooms (A, B, C, D, and E) that can accommodate up to two students at a time, according to the following conditions:
Caroline and Margo cannot practice in the same room.
Room B can have only one student practicing in it at one time.
Paulo must not practice in a room next to Ghislaine.
Either Jackie or Philip must practice in Room D.
If Li is practicing in Room A, Caroline must be practicing in Room E.
If Li and Paulo are practicing in Room A, and Ghislaine and Jackie are practicing in Room D, which of the following represents the most correct arrangements for the other students?
a. Room A: Li and Paulo; Room B: Jackie and Margo; Room C: Daniel; Room D: Ghislaine and Philip: Room E: Caroline
b. Room A: Li and Paulo; Room B: Philip; Room C: Daniel and Margo; Room D: Ghislaine and Jackie; Room E: Caroline
c. Room A: Li and Paulo; Room B: Ghislaine; Room C: Daniel and Margo; Room D: Jackie and Philip: Room E: Caroline
d. Room A: Li; Room B: Paulo and Philip; Room C: Margo; Room D: Ghislaine and Jackie; Room E: Caroline and Daniel
e. Room A: Li and Paulo; Room B: Daniel; Room C: Philip; Room D: Ghislaine and Jackie; Room E: Caroline and Margo
Overview: This question asks for which arrangements can or might be true if certain students are practicing in certain rooms.
Li and Paulo are practicing in Room A, and Ghislaine and Jackie are practicing in Room D. From this, we can deduce immediately that Caroline is in Room E (condition five).
A diagram may or may not be necessary for illustrating these different scenarios. The first step in answering these questions, however, is to check whether any of the answer choices violate the established conditions.
The Correct Answer:
B: As in questions 3 and 4, the only correct answer choice in question 5 is the one that does not violate any of the conditions, leaving the following arrangement:
The Incorrect Answers:
A, D: Answer choices (A) and (D) place two students in Room B – Jackie and Margo in (A), and Paulo and Philip in (D) – thus violating the second condition. What is more, answer choice (A) ignores the statement within the question that Jackie will be in Room D with Ghislaine. Both answer choices are clearly incorrect.
C: Answer choice (C) places Paulo in Room A next to Ghislaine in Room C, so it too can be eliminated. Note that the arrangement also places Jackie and Philip in the same room. The conditions do not address the two being in the same room together, so this does not violate the fourth condition. However, placing Jackie and Philip in the same room ignores the statement in the question that Jackie is in Room D with Ghislaine, so this disqualifies this answer choice immediately.
E: Answer choice (E) places Margo in the same room as Caroline and violates the first condition, so it is clearly incorrect.