The Law School Admission Test, or LSAT, is a half-day, standardized test that is required to enter into law school. Test-takers should expect to spend up to seven hours to complete the LSAT exam.
The LSAT exam consists of five sections of multiple-choice questions and each section must be completed within 35 minutes. The sections on the LSAT exam consists of:
- Reading Comprehension
- Analytical Reasoning
- Logical Reasoning
- Writing Section
- Variable Section
To prepare and successfully pass the LSAT exam to enter into law school, you will need to make sure that you practice. A great way to get a head start on preparing for the LSAT exam and to get the practice that you need to with our LSAT practice questions.
The Analytical Reasoning section of the LSAT exam assesses your ability to consider a group of rules and facts. Given those rules and facts, you must determine what could be true. The Analytical Reasoning section of the LSAT reflects problems that must be solved with problem-solving.
In the Analytical Reasoning section of the LSAT exam, you will be presented a question with a set of conditions. You will be required to choose the response that most accurately and completely answers the question.
Within one department at the Royal Music Conservatory, there are eight students – Caroline, Philip, Li, Margo, Paulo, Daniel, Ghislaine, and Jackie. These eight students must arrange their practice schedules in five practice rooms (A, B, C, D, and E) that can accommodate up to two students at a time, according to the following conditions:
Caroline and Margo cannot practice in the same room.
Room B can have only one student practicing in it at one time.
Paulo must not practice in a room next to Ghislaine.
Either Jackie or Philip must practice in Room D.
If Li is practicing in Room A, Caroline must be practicing in Room E.
If Li and Margo are practicing in Room A, Philip is practicing in Room C, and Jackie and Paulo are practicing in Room D, where must Ghislaine be practicing?
(A) Room A
(B) Room B
(C) Room C
(D) Room D
(E) Room E
The set-up: This question is about the arrangement of people in rooms over the course of an unknown period of time. The set-up explains that there are eight students in a certain department at the Royal Music Conservatory – Caroline, Philip, Li, Margo, Paulo, Daniel, Ghislaine, and Jackie – who must organize their practice schedules in only five practice rooms (delineated A, B, C, D, and E).
The set of conditions establishes certain rules that guide both students and rooms: some students cannot practice with or near each other, and some rooms must have certain students in them or must not exceed certain numbers in them. The first condition states outright that Caroline and Margo can never practice in the same room together.
The second condition establishes the quantity that the rooms can hold – no more than two students per room, except for Room B, which can have only one student at a time.
Condition three notes that Paulo must not practice in a room next to Ghislaine. Note particularly that this condition does not state that Ghislaine and Paulo may not be in the same room.
The fourth condition states that one of two students must always practice in Room D, either Jackie or Philip. Note that the condition does not specify that it must be one or the other; both may be practicing in the same room without violating any conditions.
Finally, the fifth condition places one more restriction on Caroline, noting that if Li is practicing in Room A, then she must be in Room E. Note also that the reverse will be true: if Caroline is in Room E, then Li will be in Room A. The only student who is not restricted by any conditions is Daniel, and the only room not restricted by conditions is Room C.
Overview: This question asks where Ghislaine may be practicing if the other students are arranged in the following rooms: Li and Margo in Room A, Philip in Room C, and Jackie and Paulo in Room D. By default, it is inevitable that Caroline must be in Room E, because Li is in Room A. A quick diagram is sometimes helpful in seeing the organization of the options a little better:
Since the second condition establishes that no room can have more than two students, Rooms A and D may be eliminated, as well as answer choices (A) and (D), immediately. This leaves Rooms B, C, and E. But the third condition states that Ghislaine cannot be in a room next to Paulo, so that also eliminates Rooms C and E (and their corresponding answer choices).
That leaves Room B as the only possible room where Ghislaine can be practicing. Note that it is not necessary to determine where Daniel is practicing in order to know where Ghislaine must be practicing. Because of the required eliminations, it is possible to know that Daniel will be practicing in either Room C or Room E.
The Correct Answer:
B: As shown in the explanation above, Room B is the only room where Ghislaine can be practicing, so answer choice (B) is the correct answer.
The Incorrect Answers:
A, D: Answer choices (A) and (D) are eliminated immediately due to the condition that only two students may practice in a room at a time.
C, E: Answer choices (C) and (E) are eliminated due to the condition that Paulo must not practice in a room next to Ghislaine.