Cause and Effect – Definition and Examples
A cause and effect relationship can be best described as something that enables an event to occur. For example, “Upon seeing that his daughter’s boyfriend had rutted up the yard, Marcus was seething with rage.” Here the cause is the boyfriend rutting up the yard and the effect is the father simmering with rage.
Cause and Effect
A cause and effect relationship is when something happens that makes something else happen. In other words, the cause creates the effect. Cause and effect relationships are often used in informational text.
For example, a text may say that when the weather is cold, a person may start to shiver. The cold weather here is the cause and the shivering is the effect of the cold weather. Cause and effect relationships are also found in stories.
For example, if Mae is late to school, she might lose recess time. In that case, being late to school is the cause and the effect, or result, is her losing recess time. Let’s take a look at this sentence right here. “The rain came down so hard that all of the leaves fell off the trees.” We have a cause and effect relationship here. We know what the effect is the leaves fell off the trees. What’s the cause? The rain. We can say that the cause is heavy rain and the effect of that is that leaves fell off of the trees.
We have another example. “Billy was skating on a hockey rink. The laces on one of his skates came loose. He couldn’t control his skating. He ran into another skater and they both fell down.” We know the effect here is that he ran into another skater. That is the effect. He ran into another skater and they both fell down. What’s the cause here?
You may be tempted to say that he couldn’t control his skating and that caused him to run into another skater. While that’s true, the actual cause is that the laces on one of his skates came loose, which caused him not to be in control of skating, which caused him to run into another skater, which caused them to both fall down. What started all the dominoes falling over here was that the laces came loose. That’s a look at cause and effect relationships.
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Last updated: 05/02/2018
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