Order of Series of Adjectives

When there are two adjectives describing the same subject, it can be confusing to determine whether or not there should be a comma placed between the two adjectives. An easy way to see if it would be appropriate to add the comma is to insert either the conjunction “and” or the conjunction “but” between the two adjectives. If, after the interjection, the sentence still makes sense, it is okay to add the comma. Another way to determine whether or not there should be a comma is to identify the similarity of the two adjectives. If the adjectives are both describing the same aspect of the subject, a comma should be added.

Adjectives in a Series
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Adjectives in a Series

There are several different types of adjectives: quantitative, demonstrative, possessive, interrogative, distributive, and more. When talking about writing Adjectives in a Series, we are talking specifically about descriptive adjectives.

An adjective is a word used to describe a noun. Sometimes, adjectives can appear in a series paired with another adjective. When two adjectives are paired together, you may need to use a comma to separate them depending on their likeness.

Descriptive adjectives can be a variety of things including feelings, time, sound, quantity, taste, appearance, size, age, color, shape, or material. When writing a sentence with multiple descriptive adjectives, adjectives that express opinion should be placed in sequence before adjectives that describe things like color, size, shape, age, etc. Additionally, adjectives that are more general in nature should come in sequence before adjectives that are more specific.

Opinion: The raccoon crawled through an unsightly, narrow, old pathway under the highway.

General/Specific: A rustic, gold, Egyptian pot was recently found.

A great way to test whether or not you need to use a comma between adjectives in your sentence is to try inserting and or but between the adjectives. If you can place and or but between your adjectives, that means they are coordinating adjectives and need a comma placed between them. If you cannot easily place and or but between the adjectives, that means they are cumulative and just add different kinds of description rather than contributing similar attributes to the same thing. Another way you can test your sentence for the necessity of a comma is to switch the order of your adjectives. Yes, there is a sort of understood order to how they should be placed in the sentence, but for checking purposes it’s OK to switch them. If you can switch the order of the adjectives while using and or but, that it another sure sign that a comma is necessary for your adjectives.

The order in which adjectives should be placed in a sentence is as follows:

  • Opinion
  • Appearance/Quality
  • Age
  • Color
  • Material
  • Type/Function

Placing adjectives in this order helps to maintain readability in your sentences.

Thanks for joining me today in learning about Adjectives in a Series. If you need further help with understanding maybe what a noun is or how else to use commas, be sure to “like” this video “subscribe” to our channel to learn more. Until next time!

Provided by: Mometrix Test Preparation

Last updated: 11/21/2018


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