LSAT Logical Reasoning Practice New

LSAT Logical Reasoning Practice

Becoming a lawyer can be a lucrative career and in order to do so, you must first graduate law school, and that means taking the Law School Admission Test to enter into law school.

The LSAT is a half-day test that is required to enter law school. You should expect to spend up to seven hours to complete the LSAT exam.

How to Pass the LSAT

The LSAT exam consists of five sections of multiple-choice questions and each section must be completed within 35  minutes. The sections on the LSAT exam consists of:

  • Reading Comprehension
  • Analytical Reasoning
  • Logical Reasoning
  • Writing Section
  • Variable Section

What to Expect on the LSAT

To prepare and successfully pass the LSAT exam to enter into law school, you will need to make sure that you practice. A great way to get a head start on preparing for the LSAT exam and to get the practice that you need is with our LSAT practice questions.

Logical Reasoning

The Logical Reasoning section of the LSAT exam assesses your ability to think critically, reason by analogy, draw well-supported conclusions, identify and apply rules or principles, and identify explanations. The Logical Reasoning section requires you to read a short passage. You will then be required to answer a question about the passage. You should read each section carefully and make sure that you understand the meaning of each part of the question. You should also answer each question on the basis of the information that is given. This LSAT Logical Reasoning Practice will give you a great idea as to what type of questions you can expect on the Logical Reasoning section of the LSAT exam.

Directions: The questions in this section are based on the reasoning given in brief statements or passages. It is possible that for some questions there is more than one answer. However, you are to choose the best answer; that is, the response that most accurately and completely answers the question. You should not make assumptions that are by commonsense standards implausible, superfluous, or incompatible with the passage.

All of the employees at the Marshalltown Packing Warehouse receive a 3% bonus each Christmas. The company owner instituted the Christmas bonus at the company’s inception ten years earlier, and the company handbook includes a guarantee to new employees that they will receive the bonus annually. The company has recently hired a new financial officer whose review of the books indicates that the company’s budget might not allow for the Christmas bonus this year due to a decline in advertising revenues for the company. The financial officer sends out a memo to all employees, informing them that the company will be unable to provide the Christmas bonuses this year unless all employees contribute to an improvement in advertising revenues.

Consider the passage above carefully. If the information contained within it is true, which of the following must also be true?

(A) If advertising revenues are down, the company is not responsible for providing Christmas bonuses to its employees unless the employees are willing to help improve advertising revenues.

(B) By asking the employees to contribute to an improvement in advertising revenues, the company is essentially asking employees to contribute to their own bonuses.

(C) If the company has always been able to provide the Christmas bonus in the past there is no reason it should be unable to do so in the present, so the financial officer must be falsifying the numbers.

(D) Unless employees contribute to the advertising revenues, the only other choice for the company will be to downsize and lay off employees.

(E) Because the company has guaranteed the Christmas bonuses in the employee handbook, the employees will likely go on strike if they do not receive the bonuses.

LSAT Flashcards
LSAT Flashcards
LSAT Study Guide
LSAT Study Guide

 

 

 

 

 

Answer

Overview: This question  presents the scenario of a warehouse company that has promised to pay its employees a 3% bonus each Christmas. In fact, this promise is treated as a guarantee and is included in the employee handbook. The company’s new financial officer, however, claims that the company’s budget will not support the Christmas bonus this year unless employees are willing to help out: the financial officer sends a memo to all employees, letting them know that the company will be able to pay the Christmas bonuses if the employees contribute by helping to generate advertising revenues.

The question asks the student to decide which of the answer choices is true if the information in the passage is true. This is essentially a question about inference; the student must consider what the passage is saying and what can be inferred from it. Most important to note is the fact that the financial officer is more or less telling the employees that if they work harder to get the advertising revenues, they will get their bonuses. In essence, the financial officer is saying that the employees will receive the bonuses if they do something to bring the bonus money into the company – in other words, to work for their own bonuses.

The Correct Answer:

B: Answer choice (B) correctly deduces the implication of the financial officer’s memo: that the employees will essentially be contributing to their own bonuses, making the bonus something less of a bonus. Thus answer choice (B) is correct.

The Incorrect Answers:

A: The company’s employee handbook guarantees a 3% Christmas bonus to its employees, and there is nothing in the passage to suggest that there is a codicil attached to this guarantee regarding whether the company’s budget supports the bonus. By promising the bonus to employees, the company makes itself responsible to find a way to pay it, so answer choice (A) cannot be inferred from the passage and is thus incorrect.

C: Given the information about the financial officer’s memo, it may be inferred that the company has not had any trouble paying the Christmas bonus in the past. However, this in itself does not necessarily mean that the company will not have trouble paying it this year. What is more, nothing in the passage suggests that the company’s current financial state is a result of corruption on the financial officer’s part. Answer choice (C) does not have sufficient support within the passage and is thus incorrect.

D: Although the financial officer might believe that downsizing would also benefit the company, there is no mention of this in the passage, nor can it be deduced from the information that is provided. Answer choice (D) is incorrect due to insufficient support.

E: Although the employees might very well be planning to strike, there is nothing in the passage to suggest that this is the inevitable response or that a strike is imminent if the employees do not receive their Christmas bonus. Answer choice (E) cannot be supported by details in the passage, so it is incorrect

 

Published by

Jay Willis

Jay Willis joined Mometrix as Vice President of Sales in 2009, and has developed several key strategic relationships that have enhanced the distribution of Mometrix products. With nearly 20 years of sales experience in the publishing industry, his dedication to providing the highest quality experience for customers, coupled with his sales and marketing expertise, has resulted in significant growth of the Institutional Sales division. Learn more