Transitional words and phrases are used to transition between paragraphs and also to transition within a single paragraph. Transitions assist the flow of ideas and help to unify an essay. A writer can use certain words to indicate that an example or summary is being presented. The following phrases, among others, can be used as this type of transition: as a result, as I have said, for example, for instance, in any case, in any event, in brief, in conclusion, in fact, in other words, in short, on the whole, to sum it up.
Transitions are very helpful to the reader because they help the reader transition from one thought to another or one concept to another. Transitions can be placed at the beginning of a sentence or in the middle of a sentence either to help the reader to transition from one sentence to another or from one part of the sentence to another part of the sentence. So I want to take a look at many different kinds of transition words and phrases that can be used and how they can be used accurately in sentences. So, first of all, transitions can be broken up into different kinds of transition. So some transitions show addition like the transition next and in addition. Remember I said that we can also have a transitional phrases and so this is a a transitional phrase acting as a transition. Another type of transition is a summary like in conclusion or finally and there’s some transitions that show a sequence like later or then. And then finally some transitions show contrast like although or meanwhile. So how can you effectively use these transitions in sentences? Sometimes the transition words or transition phrase needs to go at the beginning of the sentence like here this sentence says “Next, bake the cookies for 10 minutes” so we put the transition at the beginning of the sentence and put a comma after it. Now generally commas come in pairs in sentences when they’re showing that a certain part of a sentence isn’t needed so notice here that next could be removed from the sentence and we can just read the sentence like this: “Bake the cookies for 10 minutes” and it would still make sense. Usually if you have some kind of phrase or word that could be omitted from the sentence, you put commas on both sides of it. Here’s part of a sentence and then there’s a comma, here’s the part of the sentence that isn’t needed, then a comma, and then the rest of the sentence but when a word or phrase comes at the end of a sentence you only need one comma because you wouldn’t put a comma before next. That would look funny so you just put a comma after it to show that next isn’t there. So although next isn’t essential to the sentence, it’s helpful because it helps the reader understand the transition from one though to another and in this case, the next step in directions on how to bake cookies. Okay, this next sentence says “although I enjoy the outdoors, I do not like to run.” Although is a transition that shows contrast. And notice here that there is not a comma right after although. It’s placed after outdoors but again “although I enjoy the outdoors” could be removed from the sentence and it would still make sense. It would say “I do not like to run”. Nevertheless, this part of the sentence is still important to the overall paper. Now notice that in certain cases you have to continue the sentence for it to make sense. Like, here it wouldn’t matter whether next was here or not but sense you put although right here you have to finish the sentence. You wouldn’t say “although I enjoy the outdoors” because “I enjoy the outdoors” makes sense by itself but once you add although to it you’re telling the reader that there’s something else that needs to come. So after you put although I enjoy the outdoors, you have to put “I do not like to run” to finish out the sentence. So the things that are important to remember from this session is that there are many different kinds of transitions. They can be classified in different categories. And there’s many more categories we could have listed and many more transitions we could have listed under each category. And then generally the transition word or phrase is going to go at the beginning of the sentence and in this case where there’s a phrase at the beginning of a sentence – it started off by a transition word – make sure you finish the sentence and don’t leave the reader hanging by writing a fragment.
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Last updated: 12/18/2017
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