PHR Practice Test

The Professional in Human Resources (PHR) is a certification available to professionals who hold a position in Human Resources. The HR Certification Institute (HRCI) offers the PHR exam to professionals who have experience with program implementation, the human resources organizational structure, and HR practices.

Click the “Start Test” button below to begin your free PHR practice test! These practice questions will give you a better idea of what to study for your exam.


In order to apply for the PHR certification, you must meet one of the following requirements for education and experience:

  • Have a minimum of four years of experience in a professional Human Resources position, as well as a high school diploma.
  • Have a minimum of two years of experience in a professional Human Resources position, as well as a Bachelor’s degree
  • Have at least one year of experience in a professional Human Resources position, as well as a Master’s degree or higher

Exam Outline Review

The PHR exam contains 115 multiple-choice questions, 25 of which are unscored, and you will be given 2 hours to complete the exam. The 25 unscored questions are called “pretest” questions, and these are used by the test administrators to evaluate questions for future versions of the exam. When taking the exam, you will not know which questions are pretest questions.

The questions are split into five functional areas, and each area is divided into two types of questions: responsibility and knowledge.

1. Business Management (20%)

The questions in this area test your ability to reinforce expectations, influence decision-making, and avoid risk by using information about the organization and business environment.


  • Interpreting and applying information related to the business environment and the industry’s best practices
  • Reinforcement of the core values about the ethical and behavioral expectations of the company
  • Understanding what role cross-functional stakeholders play in the company
  • Recommending and implementing the best practices to mitigate risks with lawsuits or internal or external threats
  • Determining the significance of data when recommending strategies and policies


  • The vision, mission, values, and structure of the company
  • Legislative and regulatory understanding of company procedures
  • Methods of corporate governance of procedures
  • Communicating with employees
  • The ethical and professional standards of the company
  • The reporting tools of the existing HRIS
  • The methods and application of the change management theories
  • Risk assessment and management
  • Tools used for analytics
  • Qualitative and quantitative methods used for analytics
  • Methods of dealing with uncertain, unclear, or chaotic situations

2. Talent Planning and Acquisition (16%)


  • Understanding the federal laws and the organizational policies your company must adhere to about ethical hiring practices
  • Developing and implementing sourcing methods and techniques
  • Executing the talent acquisition lifecycle


  • Federal laws and regulations and how they apply to your hiring and acquisition activities
  • Planning concepts and the terms of those concepts
  • The current market situation
  • The talent pool availability
  • Applicant tracking systems or methods of applicant tracking
  • The verbal and written offers
  • Outsourcing for temporary employment
  • Testing processes and procedures for candidates
  • The orientation process and guidelines for new hire
  • Ability and methods to perform internal workforce assessments
  • Transition techniques
  • The methods to evaluate the data concerning past and future staffing effectiveness

3. Learning and Development (10%)


  • Consulting with and educating employees concerning their professional growth and development opportunities
  • Implementing and evaluating career development and training programs
  • Providing relevant data to contribute to succession planning discussions


  • The applicable Federal laws about learning and development within a company
  • The theories and applications used in learning and development processes
  • The adult learning processes
  • Techniques and delivery used in training programs
  • Process flow mapping and needs analysis
  • Task analysis
  • Organizational development
  • Methods of motivation
  • Problem-solving techniques
  • How to encourage creativity and innovation
  • How to coach and mentor

4. Total Rewards (15%)


  • Managing compensation-related information and supporting payroll issue resolution
  • Implementing and promoting awareness of non-cash rewards
  • Implementing benefit programs
  • Administering federally compliant compensation and benefit programs


  • The federal laws and regulations that apply to employee rewards
  • The compensation policies and how they work
  • Evaluating concepts and methods for job analysis
  • Budget concerns, payroll, and accounting practices
  • The job pricing and pay structures of the company
  • Benefits program policies
  • Non-cash compensation
  • Methods used to align and benchmark compensations

5. Employee and Labor Relations (39%)


  • Analyzing functional effectiveness in an employee’s lifecycle
  • Collecting and summarizing employee data
  • Implementing benefit programs
  • Identifying opportunities according to the company’s organizational culture
  • Implementing and supporting worker programs concerning health, safety, security, and privacy
  • Promoting policies and procedures
  • Promoting positive tools and techniques that can be applied to improve employee and labor relations
  • Supporting and encouraging performance activities


  • The federal laws and regulations about labor relations
  • Concepts of human relations and culture
  • Diversity and inclusion
  • Data security and privacy
  • Requirements that apply to record-keeping practices
  • Occupational injury and illness prevention
  • Internal investigations and surveillance techniques
  • Disaster recovery process
  • Emergency response and business continuity during emergencies
  • Performance management and analysis
  • Contract negotiations and the collective bargaining processes
  • Termination processes, terms, and all federal laws and regulations about termination

exam outline for the PHR exam, which contains 115 questions and has a time limit of 2 hours

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To register for the PHR exam, you will need to create an account on the HRCI website and submit your application, along with the $100 application fee.

Once your application is approved, you will need to schedule your exam and pay the $395 examination fee. This exam may be taken in-person at a testing center or remotely.

Test Day

This is a computer-based exam that can be completed at a testing center, home, or office.

In-person Testing

You should arrive at the testing center 15-30 minutes before your exam is scheduled to begin. When you arrive, you will be asked to present a valid, government-issued photo ID. Failure to arrive on time or present a valid form of identification will result in your exam being canceled.

Once you are checked in, you will be asked to leave all personal items in a small locker outside the testing room. This includes items such as your cell phone, bags, coats, and food.

Before the exam begins, you will be given a tutorial of the computer system so you can become familiar with how everything works.

Once the exam has begun, you are allowed to take a restroom break. However, the timer will not be stopped, and you aren’t allowed to take a break to smoke, eat, or consult study materials.

Remote Testing

You should log in to your account about 30 minutes prior to your scheduled exam time. Once you sign in, you will be asked to show a valid, government-issued photo ID to the webcam so the proctor can compare it to your face and their records. You will then be asked to scan your room with your webcam.

Once the proctor has determined you are ready, the exam will begin.

How the Exam is Scored

The test is scored based on the Angoff method. Instead of each question being assigned several points, the questions are posted a value according to the difficulty of the questions. A panel of experts determines what value each question will be given. The 25 ungraded questions on your exam will be used by the board of experts to determine the difficulty and weight of the questions so they can be used in future exams.

With this system, you cannot simply say that you need to get a specific number of questions correct because each question’s value is different. A score scale of 100 to 700 is established to use in grading, and you must achieve a final scaled score of no less than 500 to pass the exam.

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PHR Certification Prep Course

If you want to be fully prepared, Mometrix offers a comprehensive online prep course for the PHR exam. This course is designed to provide you with any and every resource you may need while studying. The PHR Course includes:

  • 61 Lessons Covering all the Important Topics
  • 600+ PHR Practice Questions
  • More than 300 Electronic Flashcards
  • A Money-back Guarantee
  • and More!

Our PHR Certification Prep Course is designed to help any learner get everything they need to prepare for their PHR exam. Click below to get the help you need!

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How to Study for the PHR Exam

How to Study Effectively

Your success on PHR test day depends not only on how many hours you put into preparing but also on whether you prepared the right way. It’s good to check along the way to see whether your studying is paying off. One of the most effective ways to do this is by taking PHR practice tests to evaluate your progress. Practice tests are useful because they show exactly where you need to improve. Every time you take a free PHR exam practice test, pay special attention to these three groups of questions:

  • The questions you got wrong
  • The ones you had to guess on, even if you guessed right
  • The ones you found difficult or slow to work through

This will show you exactly what your weak areas are and where you need to devote more study time. Ask yourself why each of these questions gave you trouble. Was it because you didn’t understand the material? Was it because you didn’t remember the vocabulary? Do you need more repetitions on this type of question to build speed and confidence? Dig into those questions and figure out how you can strengthen your weak areas as you go back to review the material.

Answer Explanations

Additionally, many PHR practice tests have a section explaining the answer choices. It can be tempting to read the explanation and think that you now have a good understanding of the concept. However, an explanation likely only covers part of the question’s broader context. Even if the explanation makes sense, go back and investigate every concept related to the question until you’re positive you have a thorough understanding.

Comprehend Each Topic

As you go along, keep in mind that the PHR practice test is just that: practice. Memorizing these questions and answers will not be very helpful on the actual test because it is unlikely to have any of the same exact questions. If you only know the right answers to the sample questions, you won’t be prepared for the real thing. Study the concepts until you understand them fully, and then you’ll be able to answer any question that shows up on the test.

Strategy for PHR Practice

When you’re ready to start taking practice tests, follow this strategy:

  • Remove Limitations. Take the first test with no time constraints and with your notes and PHR study guide handy. Take your time and focus on applying the strategies you’ve learned.
  • Time Yourself. Take the second practice test “open book” as well, but set a timer and practice pacing yourself to finish in time.
  • Simulate Test Day. Take any other practice tests as if it were test day. Set a timer and put away your study materials. Sit at a table or desk in a quiet room, imagine yourself at the testing center, and answer questions as quickly and accurately as possible.
  • Keep Practicing. Keep taking practice tests on a regular basis until you run out of practice tests or it’s time for the actual test. Your mind will be ready for the schedule and stress of test day, and you’ll be able to focus on recalling the material you’ve learned.


How long is the PHR exam?

The time limit for this exam is 2 hours.

How many questions are on the PHR exam?

There are 115 questions on this exam.

What is the passing score for the PHR exam?

To pass this exam, you need a scaled score of at least 500.

How much does the PHR exam cost?

The application fee is $100, and the examination fee is $395.

By Peter Rench

Peter Rench joined Mometrix in 2009 and serves as Vice President of Product Development, responsible for overseeing all new product development and quality improvements. Mr. Rench, a National Merit Scholar, graduated magna cum laude with a Bachelor of Science in Mechanical Engineering and a minor in mathematics from Texas A&M University.

PHR Study Guide Customer Success Stories

Our customers love the tutorial videos from Mometrix Academy that we have incorporated into our PHR test study guide. The PHR study guide reviews below are examples of customer experiences.

It is perfect in size as I travel and I can fit in my briefcase without it being too heavy. From what I glanced at, I believe this will be a great supplement to my prep course.

PHR Study Guide – Michelle

This product exposed my weakness. I must target where I am weak so that I can sharpen my weakness before taking the exam. I have confidence in this product and I am shooting for nothing less than a PASS on my upcoming PHR exam in June.

PHR Study Guide – Jasmine

This study guide is the best! As I studied other material, I found that there was an overwhelming amount of information and at times I thought that it would be almost impossible for me to obtain my certification. Studying the material was just taking too much of my time and I was becoming very stressed as the exam date approached. I decided to look for additional study material, and came across this one. I decided to give it a try based on other reviews and of course the price. This study guide covers everything you need to know to pass the PHR examination. I passed the examination and to be honest, I don’t’ think I could have passed without this guide.

PHR Study Guide – Norma

Studying human resources is a big job because there are a lot of things that can come up in that department and if you're in charge of it, you have to know what to do. I knew it was important to have my certification because I would be able to get a better job with that on my resume. I looked for study guides for human resources and I found a few that might have worked, but when I ran across this one, I decided to get it over the others. I was encouraged by the fact that it was made for the specific test I was going to take. When I got it, I was glad I did. It had all of the human resources issues and content that I needed to learn all in one packet. It also had some practice tests to help me see how I was doing with the studying process. When I got an answer wrong, it even explained to me which answer was right and why. That helped me ingrain that answer into my head even better. If I ever run across someone taking this certification test, I'm going to recommend this study guide to them. It can make a world of difference.

PHR Study Guide – Rob

Has a nice lay out, lots of practice questions, and I like how the answers to the practice questions have an explanation to why that answer is correct and/or the other answers are incorrect.

PHR Study Guide – Bob

This book really helped pull everything together. Not too much information to clutter it up. The PHR exam itself was more scenario based and didn't seem to be too much factual specific based. This book touched on all the major sections needed in a summary format and included a 225 question exam. There were multiple test tips that were extremely helpful. The website at Mometrix really helps to break down the book.

PHR Study Guide – Customer

The book reads extremely easy and puts in a ton of relevant information. I received the flash cards with the book and they are also super helpful. The combo of them both has me feeling confident for passing the test! The book was recommended to me and I would recommend it as well!

PHR Study Guide – Lauren

I purchased PHR Exam Secrets Study Guide and it is a score of 5 on any rating scale. I find it very helpful and informative. It's really preparing me for the exam and I thank you for this product. I don't know what I would do without it.

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by Mometrix Test Preparation | This Page Last Updated: February 10, 2023