National Certified Phlebotomy Technician Exam

Obtaining a phlebotomy career requires a considerable amount of specialized training. Because of this, aspiring phlebotomists all across the country must first prove they have attained all the necessary competencies before receiving their official licenses. The test is officially written and administered by the National Center for Competency Testing. A phlebotomy student cannot receive their license without first earning a passing score on this exam.

National Certified Phlebotomy Technician Study GuideNational Certified Phlebotomy Technician Flashcards

How Will the Exam Work?

The National Certified Phlebotomy Technician Exam contains approximately 150 questions. 25 of these questions do not count toward the test taker’s overall score. However, the remaining 125 questions do. The exam is also timed. Test takers must complete the exam in approximately three full hours.

What are the Contents of the Exam?

The exam features exactly six content categories, each of which pertains to different aspects of phlebotomist training and education. These categories are, specifically, Problems and Correction, Quality and Professional Issues, Collections, Infection Control and Safety, Patient ID and Site Preparation, and Orders and Equipment Selection.

Further details about each of these categories can be found below.

  • Problems and Correction is the smallest category to feature on the exam, with only 14 questions. Questions under the category will assess the test taker’s knowledge of how to fix certain common errors, such as labeling a blood sample incorrectly or a patient developing health side effects to having their blood drawn. Test takers must also evaluate what to do if a patient suffers from certain health conditions that make it harder to collect blood samples from them.
  • Quality and Professional Issues accounts for approximately 20 of the exam’s questions. It deals specifically with the myriad of duties, rules, and codes phlebotomists must adhere to while on the job. Questions under this content category will involve how to check the blood one has collected to make sure it is of good quality; the various laws dealing with what incidents should be reported, and patient confidentiality and records; AABB, CLIA, COLA, and CAP regulations; how to address highly specific job duties, such as collecting blood for paternity cases and caring for patients with special needs; and related responsibilities.
  • Collections is the largest content category to feature on the exam, at a total of 36 questions. It centers on the proper procedures phlebotomists must follow during and after drawing blood from a patient. Test takers must display their knowledge of each step of drawing blood, as well as how to manage the specimens within a laboratory setting and make the proper recordings.
  • Infection Control and Safety takes up 21 test questions. As the name implies, this section of the exam addresses on-the-job hygiene and how to limit the risk of infection and similar hazards. Questions will focus on how to sterilize and clean work environments and equipment after use; official regulations as mandated by NFPA, MSDS, and OSHA; what steps to take should the phlebotomist be exposed to contaminants; how to deal with emergencies; how to best use pieces of phlebotomy equipment; and different safety measures to take to avoid risks to oneself and the patient.
  • With just 17 questions total, the Patient ID and Site Preparation is one of the exam’s smaller content categories. This category’s questions address the process of drawing blood and recognizing one’s patients. Test takers must know how to best approach toward readying a patient for a blood draw, as well as how to interact with one’s patients before, during, and after the process.
  • Orders and Equipment Selection is another of the test’s smaller categories. Like the “Patient ID and Site Preparation” category, this portion of the exam only encompasses 17 exam questions. The category encompasses all of the knowledge a professional phlebotomist will need regarding how to choose, recognize, and evaluate the various types of tools necessary for one’s duties. Said tools include bandages, venipunctures, anticoagulants, capillary punctures, additives, etc.

National Certified Phlebotomy Technician Practice Test

National Certified Phlebotomy Technician Exam Study Guide

How Will the Exam Work?

The National Certified Phlebotomy Technician Exam contains approximately 150 questions. 25 of these questions do not count toward the test taker's overall score. However, the remaining 125 questions do. The exam is also timed. Test takers must complete the exam in approximately three full hours.

What are the Contents of the Exam?

The exam features exactly six content categories, each of which pertains to different aspects of phlebotomist training and education. These categories are, specifically, Problems and Correction, Quality and Professional Issues, Collections, Infection Control and Safety, Patient ID and Site Preparation, and Orders and Equipment Selection.

Further details about each of these categories can be found below.

  • Problems and Correction is the smallest category to feature on the exam, with only 14 questions. Questions under the category will assess the test taker's knowledge of how to fix certain common errors, such as labeling a blood sample incorrectly or a patient developing health side effects to having their blood drawn. Test takers must also evaluate what to do if a patient suffers from certain health conditions that make it harder to collect blood samples from them.
  • Quality and Professional Issues accounts for approximately 20 of the exam's questions. It deals specifically with the myriad of duties, rules, and codes phlebotomists must adhere to while on the job. Questions under this content category will involve how to check the blood one has collected to make sure it is of good quality; the various laws dealing with what incidents should be reported, and patient confidentiality and records; AABB, CLIA, COLA, and CAP regulations; how to address highly specific job duties, such as collecting blood for paternity cases and caring for patients with special needs; and related responsibilities.
  • Collections is the largest content category to feature on the exam, at a total of 36 questions. It centers on the proper procedures phlebotomists must follow during and after drawing blood from a patient. Test takers must display their knowledge of each step of drawing blood, as well as how to manage the specimens within a laboratory setting and make the proper recordings.
  • Infection Control and Safety takes up 21 test questions. As the name implies, this section of the exam addresses on-the-job hygiene and how to limit the risk of infection and similar hazards. Questions will focus on how to sterilize and clean work environments and equipment after use; official regulations as mandated by NFPA, MSDS, and OSHA; what steps to take should the phlebotomist be exposed to contaminants; how to deal with emergencies; how to best use pieces of phlebotomy equipment; and different safety measures to take to avoid risks to oneself and the patient.
  • With just 17 questions total, the Patient ID and Site Preparation is one of the exam's smaller content categories. This category's questions address the process of drawing blood and recognizing one's patients. Test takers must know how to best approach toward readying a patient for a blood draw, as well as how to interact with one's patients before, during, and after the process.
  • Orders and Equipment Selection is another of the test's smaller categories. Like the "Patient ID and Site Preparation" category, this portion of the exam only encompasses 17 exam questions. The category encompasses all of the knowledge a professional phlebotomist will need regarding how to choose, recognize, and evaluate the various types of tools necessary for one's duties. Said tools include bandages, venipunctures, anticoagulants, capillary punctures, additives, etc.

What is the Minimum Passing Score for This Exam?

Test takers do not need to earn a specific score in order to pass the National Certified Phlebotomy Technician Exam. Rather, test takers' performances are compared to one another in terms of the competency they display with rudimentary elements of phlebotomy-related concepts.

How Long Will It Take to Receive Test Scores?

Test takers can generally expect to receive their exams two days after finishing the test. Should the student have passed the exam, they will receive their certificate after a two week period.

How Much Will the Exam Cost?

The amount of test takers can expect to pay depends on how long they have been certified and under which circumstances they received their original certification. A phlebotomy student must pay $90 for the exam. Those who have already graduated from a qualifying educational program must pay $135 if they are taking the test more than six months their graduation date, or $90 just six months following their graduation date.

Military phlebotomists pay $90 to test. Working phlebotomists have to pay a $135 registration fee.

What is the Best Way to Study for the Exam?

Because the National Certified Phlebotomy Technician Exam involves many complex concepts, test takers will need thorough study tools to help them adequately prepare. We at Mometrix Test Preparation strive to provide these types of resources to test takers in need.

On this page, test takers can access our National Certified Phlebotomy Technician Exam flashcards and study guide. Both of these tools are designed to provide test takers with an accessible way to understand how the exam works and brush up on the concepts featured on the test. Our flashcards allow students to quiz themselves on the material and memorize concepts as needed, while our study guide gives step-by-step advice on each area of the test.

We hope these study tools will prove useful to you throughout your studies.

National Certified Phlebotomy Technician Study Guide

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National Certified Phlebotomy Technician Study Guide
National Certified Phlebotomy Technician Flashcards

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by Mometrix Test Preparation | Last Updated: October 16, 2019