Factors of Development | Best Review for Counselors
Factors in Development
There is an age old question that goes back to what affects people. Is it nature or nurture? This question basically asked, “What is determinative in a person becoming who they are? Are they born that way, or are they raised that way?” If they’re considered to be born that way, then we’d say nature is paramount.
If they are raised that way, then we would say nurture is paramount. In the age old question of nature, nurture the real answer is both. That there are factors both biological and societal that are factors in a person’s development. Both biological and social.
We want to talk a little bit about social factors today, as it relates to the development of people from childhood through adolescence to adulthood, and how each one of those social factors provides that influence one way or another as development takes place.
I’ve got five up here on the board, there’s obviously more factors than that that play into it, but these five represent major areas of development, major factors in the development of a person. We begin with parents. Parents are very strong determinative factor, from parents come care and concern, nurture.
Parents give ideas, they promote values. They give by their own practice patterns of behavior. They can even instill habits in their children. Parents are a strong social factor when we talk about the development of a child. There are different parenting styles from authoritarian to permissive.
Based on where they are on that continuum, that can have a strong impact on a child’s development, based on the parenting style of the parent. Next, peers also provide a very strong factor in the development of a child. From the earliest time that children start to socialize with one another, they are picking up, once again, ideas, patterns of behavior, likes and dislikes to varying degrees.
They are learned from other children. As the child develops especially into the teenage years and adolescence, peer pressure, the pressure of those in their own age group to conform becomes very strong and a heightened factor in the development of that child.
Peer pressure through teenagers and -adults- adolescence produces a very strong factor in the development of a child. Next society, ways that the child interacts with society. This would include things like church, neighborhood, schools. These all provide sources for ideas, feedback positive and negative to a child as to their behavior, their thought patterns, things like this.
Society provides -based on how it comes to them, neighborhood, church, schools- standards, values, beliefs, other influences that come in. We’ve seen that some of the close influences include parents from the earliest days days on, peers starting at childhood and then ramping up through teenage adolescent years, a society depending on how there’s interaction they’re based in schools churches neighborhoods things like this.
Next, the media also provides a very strong factor in the development of a child. Sources of media include music, television, the Internet, any way that outside ideas and information is then brought into the sphere of this particular child or individual in various forms and modes.
Media can have a very strong impact especially when it’s a combined media, like TV or the Internet where there’s a visual component combined with an auditory component. Of course the strongest one here being TV. You can find us on the Internet as well and certainly in other sources.
Audio and visual components brought together to display to this child or this person, once again, ideas, modes of behavior, are things that encourage or discourage certain behaviors. This has a strong developmental factor on an individual. Then finally, gender identity.
Most people’s gender identity matches with their biological gender from birth on. From the earliest times children are figuring out how they feel and who they are. Once again it’s both biological and social. There is a biological gender, but there’s also what is encouraged or discouraged societally as well.
As the child learns their way through the world, these factors from parents, peers, society, media all play an impact on that gender identity, either reinforcing or discouraging from the identity that the child is forming. They all play a factor in that. In this one especially nature nurture come together.
It is a strong factor in development how a child, and then going up through adolescence teen years and adults, sees and thinks about themselves. Once again, it’s either reinforcing or discouraging a particular gender identity. It’s not a 100 percent fluid, but there does seem to be at least in the early formative years some sense of fluidity there based on what each one of these factors brings to bear on that particular case.
Anyway, these are some of the main factors in the development of a child. Remember it’s both nature and nurture, both biological and social. We looked at primarily social influencers here today.
Provided by: Mometrix Test Preparation
Last updated: 10/12/2018