Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) | Best Counseling Review

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Autism


Today we want to go over autism, and talk about just some of the basics related to this developmental disability. Just an overview today, basically. When we think about autism we need to realize that it’s part of a larger family. It’s one type of pervasive developmental disorder.


What this means is that those with autism either are very, very late and slow in achieving certain milestones, or they never reach them at all. The developmental milestone comes along, those with autism are significantly delayed in reaching those or their never attained.


This is usually one of the first indications of autism, as an infant and baby are developing and growing those ordinary milestones that we look for just aren’t there. That usually tips people off, there needs to be some sort of testing and checking into it to see exactly what’s going on.


Autism is one type of the family of pervasive developmental disorders. Those with autism usually have a complete inability to communicate, or their ability communicate is so limited that it leads to a great deal of isolation. It’s like they’re in their own world in some ways, they’re hard to reach.


Their communication abilities are nonexistent, are greatly retarded, they have inability to socialize, they don’t interact usually with infants and babies, they’re interacting with everything. There’s this give and take between the parent child, a child with autism just doesn’t have that.


They do exhibit repetitive behaviors. This is one of the first indicators that, whatever type of pervasive development disorder they have, that it’s autism is this repetitive nature of behaviors. For example, echolalia. They hear a word and they automatically, without even thinking about it, repeat the word.


You’ve got a word repetition. Not the game like “Don’t say what I say,” or “Don’t repeat after me,” “Don’t say what I say, don’t repeat after me.” It’s not like that where it’s consciously saying “I’m trying to annoy you by saying everything you say.” It’s not conscious, it’s automatic.


You say a word and they immediately echo the word back to you, and they couldn’t not echo the word back to you. Echolalia is a sign of autism, a lot of rocking, repetitive motions, banging of the head, and an extreme desire for rituals. Rituals bring comfort, breaking the ritual usually leads to distress.


There is no exact cause that’s been found for autism, not sure what leads to it. Medications have not been found to be effective in treating it. However, with early diagnosis and special education some progress can be made. It helps modify some of the behaviors, and leads to perhaps some ability to interact and do things.


Mostly it’s early diagnosis and special education that are most helpful. Then even with that, even with that early diagnosis and special education many of those with autism require lifelong assistance and treatment.



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Last updated: 10/12/2018

 

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