To become a teacher in Ohio, your first step, after graduating college, is to take the OAE Assessment. The OAE Assessment measures your knowledge and skills that meet the state’s standards in order to become a teacher.
If you want to teach Early Childhood (PK-3), you will be required to take the OAE Assessment of Professional Knowledge: Early Childhood (PK-3) exam. This exam is computer based that includes 100 multiple-choice questions, one case study written assignment, and one work product written assignment. The OAE Assessment of Professional Knowledge: Early Childhood (PK-3) exam is timed for 180 minutes and costs $105 to register for the exam.
The OAE Assessment of Professional Knowledge: Early Childhood (PK-3) exam consists of three domains:
Domain I: Student Development and Learning
- Understand the processes of human development, variations in student development, and how to apply this knowledge to provide instructional environments and experiences that promote all students’ development and learning.
- Understand the learning processes and factors that can affect student learning and performance, and how to apply that knowledge to provide instructional environments and experiences that promote all students’ learning and achievement.
- Understand student diversity and how to provide learning opportunities and environments that are responsive to student differences, promote all students’ learning, and foster students’ appreciation of and respect for diversity.
Domain II: Assessment, Instruction, and the Learning Environment
- Understand assessment instruments and practices, the relationship between assessment and instruction, and how to use assessment to guide instruction and monitor students’ learning progress.
- Understand principles and procedures of curricular and instructional planning and how use effective planning to design instruction that promotes all students’ learning and achievement.
- Understand principles and practices associated with various instructional approaches and how to apply these principles and practices to promote all students’ achievement of instructional goals.
- Understand principles and practices of motivation and communication and how to apply those practices effectively to promote students’ active engagement and learning.
- Understand how to structure and manage the classroom to establish a safe, inclusive, and positive environment that is organized and productive; fosters excellence, and promotes learning, appropriate student behavior, and effective work habits.
Domain III: The Professional Environment
- Understand how to establish partnerships and collaborate effectively with families, colleagues, and members of the community to enhance and support student learning.
- Understand roles and expectations for professional educators, legal and ethical guidelines, and strategies for continuous professional growth and self-reflection.
The passing score for the OAE Assessment of Professional Knowledge: Early Childhood (PK-3) exam is a 220.
OAE Assessment of Professional Knowledge: Early Childhood (PK-3) Practice Questions
1.In Lawrence Kohlberg’s theory of moral development, which two stages are included in his Level 1 of Preconventional Morality?
a. Obedience and Punishment, Individualism and Exchange
b. Individualism and Exchange, Interpersonal Relationships
c. Maintaining Social Order, Social Contract and Individual Rights
d. Social Contract and Individual Rights, Universal Ethical Principles
2. In child motor and language development, which of the following is more likely to indicate a developmental delay than a developmental disorder?
a. Skills that differ in form
b. Skills that differ in quality
c. Skills that differ in arriving
d. Skills that differ in function
3. Among the following developmental milestones in children, which is more typical of a five-year-old than of a three-year-old or a four-year-old?
a. Following the rules
b. Being very demanding
c. Being very cooperative
d. Confusing fantasy/reality
- A: Kohlberg’s Level 1, Preconventional Morality, includes Stage 1, Obedience and Punishment, and Stage 2, Individualism and Exchange. His Level 2, Conventional Morality, includes Stage 3, Interpersonal Relationships (b), and Stage 4, Maintaining Social Order (c). Kohlberg’s Level 3, Postconventional Morality, includes Stage 5, Social Contract and Individual Rights (c), (d), and Stage 6, Universal Ethical Principles (d).
2. C: When children’s motor or language skills develop differently in their form (a), quality (b), and/or function (d) than is typical, they are more likely to have some developmental disorder. When children’s motor or language skills develop with typical form, quality, and/or function but differ in how soon they arrive (c)—i.e., they emerge and/or develop later and/or more slowly than is typical—they are more likely to have some developmental delay.
3. A: Social and affective developmental milestones in five-year-olds include being more likely to follow rules than three-year-olds or four-year-olds are; alternating between being very demanding (c) and being very cooperative (c), rather than only one or the other; and distinguishing between fantasy and reality (d), which typical four-year-olds and three-year-olds often cannot do all of the time.