In a false analogy, the author suggests that two things are similar, when in fact they are different. This fallacy is often committed when the author is attempting to convince the reader that something unknown is like something relatively familiar. The author takes advantage of the reader’s ignorance to make this false comparison. One example might be the following statement: Failing to tip a waitress is like stealing money out of somebody’s wallet. Of course, failing to tip is very rude, especially when the service has been good, but people are not arrested for failing to tip as they would for stealing money from a wallet. To compare stingy diners with thieves is a false analogy.
Provided by: Mometrix Test Preparation
Last updated: 12/15/2017
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