# LSAT Analytical Reasoning Prep

The Law School Admission Test, or LSAT, is a half-day, standardized test that is required to enter into law school. Test-takers should expect to spend up to seven hours to complete the LSAT exam.

How to Pass the LSAT

The LSAT exam consists of five sections of multiple-choice questions and each section must be completed within 35  minutes. The sections on the LSAT exam consists of:

• Analytical Reasoning
• Logical Reasoning
• Writing Section
• Variable Section

What to Expect on the LSAT

If you are preparing to take the LSAT exam to enter into law school, Mometrix’s free LSAT Questions is a great way to get a head start on learning what to expect on the LSAT exam. Our LSAT practice questions are similar in concept and difficulty to the actual LSAT exam, so be sure to take advantage of our free LSAT Analytical Reasoning Prep!

## Analytical Reasoning

The Analytical Reasoning section of the LSAT exam assesses your ability to consider a group of rules and facts. Given those rules and facts, you must determine what could be true. The Analytical Reasoning section of the LSAT reflects problems that must be solved with problem-solving.

In the Analytical Reasoning section of the LSAT exam, you will be presented a question with a set of conditions. You will be required to choose the response that most accurately and completely answers the question.

A high school literature instructor has one week to teach eight different writers – Shakespeare, Spenser, Marlowe, Cavendish, Sidney, Lanyer, Jonson, and Wyatt. She must arrange a teaching schedule for the week, with no more than two authors studied in a single day, and contingent upon the following conditions:

She cannot teach Marlowe on the day immediately after Shakespeare.

She must teach Sidney and Lanyer on the same day.

She must teach Jonson after she has taught Spenser.

The only author she can teach on Wednesday is Cavendish.

She cannot teach Sidney on Friday.

If the instructor teaches Shakespeare on Monday and Jonson on Thursday, which of the following is the best arrangement for the week?

(A) Monday: Shakespeare and Cavendish; Tuesday: Sidney and Lanyer; Wednesday: Spenser and Marlowe; Thursday: Jonson; Friday: Wyatt

(B) Monday: Shakespeare and Wyatt; Tuesday: Sidney and Spenser; Wednesday: Cavendish; Thursday: Jonson and Lanyer; Friday: Marlowe

(C) Monday: Shakespeare; Tuesday: Sidney and Lanyer; Wednesday: Cavendish; Thursday: Jonson and Marlowe; Friday: Spenser and Wyatt

(D) Monday: Shakespeare; Tuesday: Spenser and Marlowe; Wednesday: Cavendish; Thursday: Jonson and Wyatt; Friday: Sidney and Lanyer

(E) Monday: Shakespeare and Spenser; Tuesday: Sidney and Lanyer; Wednesday: Cavendish; Thursday: Jonson and Marlowe; Friday: Wyatt

The set-up: This question is about a high school literature instructor who must arrange her teaching schedule for certain authors during the course of a single week. The set-up explains that there are eight authors to be taught – Shakespeare, Spenser, Marlowe, Cavendish, Sidney, Lanyer, Jonson, and Wyatt – and since the time frame is one week of classes, there are only five days in which to teach them. The set-up also explains that the instructor may not teach more than two authors in a day. This set-up is then subject to five conditions that dictate the teaching schedule for the week.

The first condition states that the instructor cannot teach Marlowe on the day immediately after Shakespeare. Note that the following may be inferred from this: (1) the instructor can teach Marlowe after Shakespeare but not on the day just after Shakespeare, (2) the instructor can teach Marlowe before Shakespeare, and (3) the instructor can teach Marlowe on the same day as Shakespeare.

The second condition states that the instructor must teach Sidney and Lanyer together; since the instructor cannot teach more than two authors at a time, we know that Sidney and Lanyer will always be paired on the same day.

The third condition notes that the instructor must teach Jonson after Spenser. The day is not noted, so Jonson may come anytime after Spenser (but may not be on the same day as Spenser); this immediately suggests that Jonson will never be taught on Monday because Spenser must come at least one day before Jonson.

The fourth condition notes that the instructor must always teach Cavendish and only Cavendish on Wednesday, which means that the rest of the teaching schedule will have to be planned around this day.

Finally, the fifth condition notes that the instructor cannot teach Sidney on Friday – which means that she also cannot teach Lanyer on Friday, per the second condition.

Overview: This question asks the student for the best arrangement of authors if Shakespeare is taught on Monday and Jonson is taught on Thursday. The first step is to review the answer choices quickly to see if any of them violates the established conditions. Even if only one or two of the answer choices violate conditions, this will allow the student to eliminate them and make it easier to find the correct answer. A quick perusal indicates that four of the five violate conditions, so the fifth answer choice is correct by process of elimination.

The Correct Answer: E Answer choice (E) is correct because it is the only answer choice that does not violate any of the conditions. It provides the following teaching schedule for the week:

Monday:
Shakespeare
Spenser

Tuesday:
Sidney
Lanyer

Wednesday:
Cavendish

Thursday:
Jonson
Marlowe

Friday:
Wyatt

A: Answer choice (A) places Cavendish on Monday and Spenser and Marlowe on Wednesday, thus violating the fourth condition. It can be eliminated immediately.

B: Answer choice (B) places Lanyer with Jonson instead of with Sidney, thus violating the second condition. It too can be eliminated at once.

C: Answer choice (C) places Jonson on Thursday, as noted in the question, but it also places Spenser on Friday – after Jonson – which violates the third condition. Answer choice (C) is incorrect.

D: Answer choice (D) places Marlowe on Tuesday, immediately after Shakespeare, and Sidney on Friday. This answer choice violates the first and fifth conditions, so it cannot be correct.